For the March meeting, we will be showing a DVD on the "river rocker box" by Jack Swick. We will also be determining the specific dates for our large 2008 outings. The April meeting will be the first official meeting as a GPAA chapter. Dr. Mike Nelson from the U of U dept. of Mining and ND Engineering will give the talk on improving your gold recovery in your sluice boxes.
New Membership: ( ) Renewing Membership: ( )
UGPC Membership Form
Please Print Clearly
Membership Name: ____________________________________________________________________
Spouse & Children: ____________________________________________________________________
City:_________________________________ State:___________ Zip:________________________
Home Phone:___________________________ Cell or other Phone (opt.):________________________
Annual fee Membership per family per year is:
Please Submit payment too:
I have been given permission by the
Signature of Applicant:__________________________________________________________________
Full Name of Applicant:_________________________________________________________________
(Please print clearly)
March 2008 Volume: 23 Issue: 3
Club Officers for 2008
Phone: (801) 965-1662
Phone: (801) 254-8247
Phone: (801) 957-0949
Phone: (801) 942-0236
Phone: (801) 577-6457
Membership & Equipment Manager
Phone: (801) 566-6328
Phone: (801) 597-4793
Gordon Van Leeuwen
Phone: (801) 602-2327
Phone: (801) 359-4922
Hats & Shirts
Phone: (435) 882-4625
Phone: (801) 965-1662
Phone: (801) 718-0800
Phone: (801) 541-9324
UGPC Official Website:
Meeting Location & Time
1355 W, 3100 S,
All meeting are on the 3rd Tuesday of each month. Starting promptly a 7:00 p.m. and go until 9:00 p.m.
Febuary’s Winners Corner
Joseph Hutchings *
Joseph C Hutchins
Joseph J. Hutchins
*Indicates multi-prize winner
Meeting Dates for 2008
Mar.18, April 15, May 20, June 17, July 15, Aug. 19, Sept. 16, Oct. 21, Nov. 18, Dec. 16.
All meeting are on the 3rd Tuesday of each month and start promptly at 7:00 p.m. sharp and go until 9:00 p.m.
Club Outings for 2008
To Be Announced
Well, the year is off to a good start and the club seems to be in really good shape this year, for whatever that's going to happen. If gold keep's going as high as it has, competition
going to be huge up in the mountains when we go prospecting. So lets all be safe out there. Last meeting we had 83 attending, with $1652.45 in net donations. Great job everyone.
A great big welcome to all the new members that had joined the club last meeting, 7or 8 I think. Gary Warrner has volunteered for the position of ticket drawing please show him
support by buying tickets at the meeting from him. Again the Christmas raffle box is out and tickets can be applied to that for the Christmas party. The position for claims and
excursions is still up for grabs. A vote was brought up at the officer's meeting to allow the new claims person to have a small gas allocation, which will go toward our assessment work
at the end of the year. A final note on this at the next meeting. The clubs claim guide will no longer have the yearly date upon it, due to the fact that it doesn't change that much from
year to year. As far as the main outing's go
for this year, this is how they will be laid out. May will be
Sevier. If any member have a place that might be claimed up as a club claim please come forward and let us know. The more claims that the club has to offer the more appealing the club
will be. The club got more shirts made up in sizes of large and 2x large. I think the club needs a signature shirt for the club meetings a shirt that will be recognized that it’s us. A couple
of black shirts were printed that are very appealing to the eye. A sort vote and discussion of this at the meeting. As for the speakers. Here is the line up for the next meeting and the
next few months, so mark you calendars for the up coming events. For the march meeting the will be a dvd on the "river rocker box" by Jack Swick, something to make until the snow
disappears and it warms up. The April meeting will be the official meeting as gpaa meeting due to the excellent speaker we will have. Dr. Mike Nelson from the U of U dept. of Mining
and ND Engineering. Will give the talk on improving your gold recovery in your sluice boxes. And for May will be Darrell Smith on the Bigfoot theory. He will have a documentary that
has been made that will be released at the Sundance film Festival this summer. So please mark theses dates. I guess that's all for now and gold hit $992. And for the golden rule o'well.
If anything was missed
we will pick it up at the next meeting.
Thanks again, Philip
The 49ers and Other Argonauts
The year 1848 started out looking like it would be fairly quiet. The
once-great empire was well into its
decline. The Oregon Question, briefly threatening a third war between the
were en route to
Enter Johann Augustus Sutter, a Swiss immigrant to Mexican California. In 1839, he had convinced the Spanish governor that he was a minor European nobleman and so conned his
way into ownership of a rancho in the
this end, he hired James Marshall, an
when he noticed flecks of gold in the
Despite efforts to keep it a secret, word got out. Oregonians heard about the discovery in July, when the brig
in a single season; others dug up nuggets worth over $5000 in just two months of prospecting. The first dependable account of the magnitude of the gold strike to reach the East was
delivered to the War Department in
November, when an officer brought back 230 ounces of gold in a tea caddy. By
the end of the year, the whole world knew.
Californians, of course, got a head start to the gold fields. Then came Oregonians, Mormons, and Hawaiians. Miners from around the world, including
The gold rush from the East was delayed until the spring of 1849, when the overland trails were again passable. That year, tens of thousands of 49ers poured into
by ship around Cape Horn, or took a packet ship to Central America, crossed the isthmus of Panama by mule train, and booked passage up the West Coast to San Francisco. These
were the preferred routes for 49ers
from the East and Gulf Coasts; for those in the American heartland, or who
lacked boat fare, the California Trail was the way west.
For most historians, the California Trail started at Fort Hall: when wagon trains reached the
the left was a pile of gold-colored
rocks, probably fool's gold, marking the trail to
discuss alternatives. Those who were
able to reach consensus went to
Like the Oregon Trail, the California Trail is not to be confused with the trail to
started at their old home and ended at
their new one. Along the way, they followed a well used (and later, often
shortcutted) trail commonly known as the California Trail.
As an emigrant road, the California Trail is exactly as old as the
start their farms in the Oregon Country,
instead. In the following years, most emigrants were headed to
that changed when gold way.
The main trunk of the California Trail cut off at the
Winnemucca to its demise in
Sierras at Donner Pass. This put them
Always in a hurry, gold seekers took many cutoffs. Many bypassed
Sierras, but later travelers improved
the trail and rendered the route serviceable. Some gold rushers lessened the
cutoff that became so heavily
trafficked as to become the main branch of the trail was the Carson Pass Trail,
which left the Donner Pass route at Carson Sink, picked up the Carson River,
passed Carson City, crossed the Sierras south of Lake Tahoe, and went through
the gold fields of Placerville to the American River and Sutter's Fort.
Much of the gold in
overnight but worked from sunup to sundown for
$20 a day -- which was still a sight better than the dollar-a-day pay that was
typical back East.
Life in the gold fields was unlike anywhere else in the country. Camps sprang up overnight. Cabins consisted of tents or old blankets tossed over a wood frame. Dirty, muddy streets
filled with garbage and sewage, and outbreaks
of diseases such as smallpox and malaria were common.
With so much wealth suddenly entering circulation, costs skyrocketed as merchants rushed to cash in on their own bonanza. Flour sold for $400 a barrel, sugar $4 a pound, and whiskey
$20 a quart. Miners spent gold as fast as they
found it. They drank, gambled, and danced with each other to Stephen Foster's
popular song "Oh, Susanna."
Gamblers, saloon keepers, merchants, prostitutes, and lawyers preyed on the mostly male communities. The only real buildings in boom towns were the saloons, and the only women
worked in the dance halls. There was no rule of law in mining camps, and robbery, murder, and violence became common. Vigilant committees were formed, and judges called "alcaldes"
were elected to keep the peace.
of tents and wood shacks. Its harbor
was fairly littered with deserted ships. That year a fire leveled much of
did much more than pause to take a
breath before commencing the town's reconstruction.
Those 49ers who went bust in
This was the era of boom towns such as
From 1851 to 1858, there were strikes in southern
Pancake" Comstock discovered a true
motherlode: the famed Comstock Lode outside
"Busted, by God"). From 1860
to 1864, rushes were on in
weighed 175 ounces.
In 1873, gold was discovered on sacred Sioux land in
contrary, did little to discourage
prospectors from invading the reservation. By 1876, thousands of miners were in
The last great strike in the lower 48 states was at
greener pastures and mining was left
to big business backed by Eastern money interests. Dynamite came to
However, the vastly
more destructive technique of placer mining was used where the terrain allowed for it. Aided by high-pressure pumps that could kill a person with the powerful stream of water they
produced, men channeled streams,
opened sluiceways, and literally washed entire hillsides out to sea in their
search for gold.
It is estimated that during the first five years of the California Gold Rush, $276 million in gold was dug out, panned, or otherwise brought to light by hand. In the next five years, the
mining companies with all their
manpower and heavy machinery were able to uncover only $220 million in gold.
To some, the California Trail was the road to sudden wealth and prosperity; to many more, it was only a road to poverty and hardship. Within a few years, it was being used in reverse
for the long trip home -- or, for those who
had been hit hard by gold fever, for the considerably shorter trip to the
silver mines of
and others like can be found at http://www.endoftheoregontrail.org/road2oregon/sa24goldrush.html
Placer deposits early provided man with the first samples of
gold and since that time have accounted for a large production of the metal. If
we include the
Before proceeding further certain terms with respect to placers should be defined.
term 'placer' is evidently of Spanish derivation and was used by the early
Spanish miners in both North and
terminology of the zone or stratum containing an economic concentration of gold
in eluvial and alluvial placers is varied. We shall use the miner's term 'pay
streak', which is commonly used in
The tenor of pay streaks or of placer gold gravels and sands, in general, is referred to by the value (in ounces, grams, pennyweights, or in any unit of currency) per cubic yard or meter, per running length (foot or meter) of channel, per surface unite of cross-section, or per unit of surface (square foot or meter); also occasionally in bonanzas by dollars or some other unit of currency per pan. Note that placer deposits can be worked whose gold content is as low as 0.1 ppm.
The pay streaks of placer deposits may rest on or near bedrock or on some stratum above bedrock. The bedrock in placer deposits is commonly referred to as the 'true bottom', although the term is little used today. When the streaks rest on a well-defined stratum of sand, gravel, or clay above the bedrock they are said to be on a 'false bottom'.
have been variously categorized, but here we shall use a simple nomenclature
based upon whether the placers are formed by concentration of gold in situ over
or in the immediate vicinity of primary deposits, namely 'residual' or 'eluvial
placers', or by agencies that have concentrated the gold in the near vicinity
or at some distance from the primary source. In the latter category we
recognize 'alluvial', 'beach' and 'aeolian placers'. The terms 'saprolite' or
'saprolitic placer' were formerly used for certain types of eluvial placers,
mainly in the eastern
Eluvial, alluvial, beach and aeolian placers may become buried after their formation and are sometimes referred to as 'buried placers'.
These placers may be buried under:
The gold in auriferous placers may come from one or more of the following sources:
It should be noted that the geological history of productive placers is frequently complex, much more so than the sequence:
lode - deluvial placer - interceptor - alluvial placer,
(b) lode - interceptor - alluvial placer,
(c) interceptor - alluvial placer.
The primary agent that produces the various types of gold placer is weathering; a process that involves numerous complex chemical reactions. Three things may happen to gold in primary deposits:
1. The gangue minerals may be disintegrated and leached away, leaving the gold relatively untouched; the gold may remain in situ in the oxidized zones or pass into eluvial and alluvial placers;
2. The gold may be dissolved and carried far away from the deposits in which case no placers are formed; or
The dissolved gold may be wholly or partly reprecipitated on nuclei of gold in the residuum or on similar nuclei as they are moved along in the alluvium of streams, rivers, beaches, etc. The last process is largely responsible for nuggets. This article can be found at www.e-goldprospecting.com
Winter Quarters - Hidden Loot in a
By Chuck Zehnder
Phil Beard, John Nelson and I started No. 1 tunnel and drove the first hundred feet into the hillside. Later, thousands of tons of coal were hauled out of this entry. I helped dig from the five-foot vein, the first load of coal ever shipped out of the valley,” so said Matson in an Aug. 23, 1928 issue of The Sun newspaper, published at Price."
The high mountain ghost town in extreme
Two years later a group of men from
When the great tonnage of coal in the mountain was known, more people began moving into the burgeoning town. As more and more coal was mined, the need for a railroad became apparent. Some of the residents got together and bought out a dry goods firm in the east and paid railroad workers with clothing and fabrics.
That old railroad bed is now a dirt
road leading from the Tucker rest area on US-6 up the mountain onto what is
known today as
May Day, 1900, started out with a clear sun shinning up the valley into the town as 303 miners headed up to the mine portal. This mine was considered one of the safest in the country and had been inspected by Gomer Thomas, state mine inspector, on March 8.
But at 10:15 a.m. everyone in the mountain town felt the ground shake. Some people thought someone had fired off an explosion to celebrate Dewey Day. Soon, the horrible truth spread through the town like wildfire. A giant explosion had occurred in the mine.
Mothers and daughters were seen hurrying toward the mine portal, “faces blanched with fear, hoping against hope that their loved ones in some way had escaped. Soon the realization came that the miners were caught – caught like rats in a trap with no chance of escape,” reported Charles Madsen in his account of the disaster.
For many years the buildings stood mute in that mountain valley: windows boarded shut, roof shingles slowly slipping and walls rotting into dust. The school no longer heard the sounds of children laughing and there was no need for a janitor to clean the spring-time mud from the floors.
Eventually the buildings collapsed or were torn down by scavengers and today only grass-covered foundations remain of what was Utah's first coal camp. No industrial sounds in the quiet valley today, only a bubbling stream and the clicking of mule deer hooves on the rocks. But is that all that remains?
Speculation over the years about buried gold has frequently come into conversations about the mining town.
There is no question about the miners being paid in gold and silver coins. Just three years earlier, Butch Cassidy and Elza Lay had robbed the Pleasant Valley payroll when the money arrived by train. Their loot was $7,000 in gold double eagles. They dropped $700 in silver.
Couple that payroll with the fact that there was no bank at Winter Quarters and it is easy to see how many believe some of those miners had cached gold coins among the rocks or under fence posts behind their homes on the valley side. If they had not told wives of the cache, knowledge of it died with the miners that May Day in 1900.
Some have looked over the years for lost gold in the old town site. None has ever reported finding some.
Can it be that the ghosts of those miners stand watch over buried gold double eagles?
©Chuck Zehnder, Added July, 2007
UGPC Kits, Hats, T-shirts & Decals
Small & Medium $5.00
Large thru 2XL $15.00
25th Anniversary Pocket T’s:
Small & Medium $15.00
Large thru 3XL $25.00
(Shirts and Hats are available in a variety of color)
Bumper Stickers $1.00
License Plate Frame Stickers $3.00
Window Decals Small & Med. $1.50
Large Decals $3.00
Panning Sand Bags $15.00 and 20.00
(Every Bag Is Guaranteed to contain gold!!)
10” Gold Pans $3.00
Green GPAA Gold Pans $8.00
Large Black pans $8.00
(Kit includes clean-up pan, sniffer bottle, vial, and panning instructions)
Books “Signed by the Author”
Drills and Mills
By: Will Meyerriecks $20.00
UGPC Mining Claims Guide
If you would like to order any of these items they are available at the meetings or by mail order. If ordering by mail please a check or money order for full amount of purchase plus $5.00 for shipping and handling to:
511E. 500 N.
Phone 1-(801)440-2567 After 6pm
Duane will be happy to send a letter, email, or call you with a list of available Colors.
UGPC Cool Stuff
Business that Donated to the UGPC
Members advertising is free
Contact: Joyce Littlefield @ 801-566-6328
Contact Brent Swanner @1-801-616-6894, address 245 N. 100 E.
Business advertising is 1 year for $25.00
Chucks Detectors & Prospecting Supply
Whites Metal Detectors
John P. Urses- Owner
SLC Ut 84112 Phone 801-264-9347
J & J METAL DETECTORS
Customer Comes First
WE ACCAPT ALL MAJOR CREDIT CARDS
Tues. – Sat. 10am – 6pm
Pioneer Mining Supply
Frank & Mindy
Auburn Ca. 95603
Prospectors Association of
Temecula Ca. 92590
Phone: (951) 699-4749
These Businesses Support the UGPC DO YOU SUPPORT THEM?
“SUPPORT YOUR LOCAL SUPLLIER, AND THEY’LL BE THERE FOR YOU TOMORROW”